The archipelago is located in the African Plate in the Atlantic Ocean between latitude 30 ° and 33 °N, basically at the same latitude as Casablanca, 978 km southwest of Lisbon, about 700 km west of the African coast, and 450 km north of the Canary Islands.

This archipelago is formed by the Madeira Island with an area of 740.7 km², Porto Santo with 42.5 km², the Desertas Islands with a total of 14.2 km² comprising the three uninhabited islands, and by the Selvagens Islands whose set of 3 islands and sixteen uninhabited islets make up an area of 3.6 km². Of the eight islands, only the two largest (Madeira and Porto Santo) are inhabited and can be accessed via the Madeira Airport in Funchal and Porto Santo Airport.

              Madeira                           Porto Santo                            Selvagens                           Desertas                                          




Facts & Figures Archipelago of Madeira

Capital Funchal
Main Cities Caniço, Câmara de Lobos, Funchal, Machico, Santana
Official Language Portuguese
Government System Autonomous Region
Flag Three vertical stripes: Blue, Yellow, Blue and graphic element Cross of Order Christ (red color)
Currency Euro
GDP 5.069 million euros € (2019)
Population 250,769  thousand inhabitants (2021 Censes)
740 km2
57 km de wide
22 km de width
Time Zone CET (GMT +1)
Public Holidays (2022)

New Year's Day- 1st January
Good Friday - Friday - 15th April
Easter Sunday - 17th April
Portugal´s "Freedom day"- 25th April
Labour Day – 1st May
Portugal Day - 10th June
Corpus Christi - 16th June
Madeira Autonomous Region Day – 1st July
Our lady of Assumption (Religious) - 15th August
Funchal Municipal holiday –  21st August 
Republic Implantation - 5th October
All Saints Day - 1st November
Restoration of Independence - 1st December
Our Lady of Conception (Religious) - 8th December
Christmas Day - 25th December
26th December (Regional holiday)

Dialling Code (+351) 291
Emergency Numbers 112
Electricity 220 V
Climate Maritime temperate climate
 Units of Measure  Metres System



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Madeira Islands World´s Leading Island Destination 2020 - WTA Award SRTC Região Autónoma da Madeira